Native Phonetic Inventory: tswana

These are the sounds found in most native tswana dialects: There are also sounds not on the chart, shown below.

other sounds: alveolar lateral plosive [tl]; voiceless plosives and affricates have aspirated and unaspirated counterparts; labio-velar approximant [w]; bilabial, dental, alveolar lateral, palatal, and bilabio-dentilabial clicks, all of which have nasalized and non-nasalized counterparts; voiced labio-dental and alveolar fricatives [v, z] occur in foreign words .

Adapted from: Cole, D. (1955).