Native Phonetic Inventory: malayalam

These are the sounds found in most native malayalam dialects: There are also sounds not on the chart, shown below.

other sounds: labio-velar central approximant [w]; aspirated versions of all stop consonants; long versions of all vowels, except schwa; in loanwords: [f], open-mid low front unrounded vowel.

Adapted from: Asher, R.E. and Kumari T.C. (1997).