Native Phonetic Inventory: kannada

These are the sounds found in most native kannada dialects: There are also sounds not on the chart, shown below.

other sounds: aspirated counterparts for all stops; /f/, /z/, and front open -mid vowel occur only in loan words; /a/ is central; all native vowels have long counterparts.

Adapted from: Schiffman, H. (1983); Sridhar, S.N. (1990).