Native Phonetic Inventory: lingala
These are the sounds found in most native lingala dialects: There are also sounds not on the chart, shown below.
other sounds: labio-velar central approximant [w]; labio-velar nasal and stops [kp], [gb];labio-dental voiced fricative [v] and voiced uvular fricative occur in unassimilated loan words.
Adapted from: Redden, J, et.al. (1963).